Welcome address by:

Sandra L. “Candy” Robinson

Sandra L. “Candy” Robinson is the 2017 President-Elect of IEEE-USA. She is currently a Software Engineering Manager for Lockheed Martin MST, assigned to the F-35 program. She worked as a design and software engineer for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory, and for the Boeing Company. She has published papers at the IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and for the SWE National Convention. She is a Distinguished Toastmaster, ACM member, IEEE Certified Software Development Professional (CSDP), and Life member of SWE. She has served in many career guidance activities, including MathCounts, IEEE’s Teacher in Service Program (TISP), Girl Scout badge workshops, science fair judging, career fair presentations, Expanding Your Horizons conference chair and presenter, and Future Cities judge. She received a BSEE degree from the University of Texas at Austin (1977), an MSCS degree from the University of California at Davis (1986), and an MBA in Engineering and Technology Management from the University of Dallas (1999).

Keynote Speakers

Prof. Hal Berghel

Title of talk: Beyond Stuxnet
Abstract: Stuxnet (Operation Olympic Games) was a cyber-kinetic attack authorized by George W. Bush at the tail end of his administration, and sustained by Barack Obama. While Stuxnet may be the first highly successful state-launched cyber-attack on a sovereign nation. the most important part of its legacy may be political rather than technological. The speaker will present Stuxnet in both a technological and political framework, and draw conclusions from the Stuxnet experience that will indicate the trajectory of future cyber weaponry.
Bio: Hal Berghel is currently Professor of Computer Science at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas where he has previously served as Director of both the Schools of Computer Science and Informatics, and as Associate Dean of the College of Engineering. He created and directed the first CyberSecurity degree programs (Bachelors, Masters and PhD) in Nevada in 2005. This program became an NSA Center for Academic Excellence two years later. His research interests are wide-ranging within the binary and digital ecosystem, ranging from logic programming and expert systems, relational database design, algorithms for non-resolution based inferencing, approximate string matching, digital watermarking and steganography, and digital security and privacy. Berghel is a Fellow of both the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Association for Computing Machinery, and serves both societies as a Distinguished Visitor and Distinguished Lecturer, respectively. He has received the ACM Outstanding Lecturer of the Year Award four times and was recognized for Lifetime Achievement in 2004. He has also received both the ACM Outstanding Contribution and Distinguished Service awards.

Image of Meyya Meyyapan. Photo Credit: NASA Ames Research Center

Dr. Meyya Meyyappan

Title of talk: Nanotechnology in Nanoelectroncis, Communications and Sensor Networks
This talk will present an overview of some recent nanotechnology research activities related to nanoelectronics for computing, optoelectronics for communication and sensors for networks. First, we have been fabricating nanoscale vacuum tubes over the last three years using entirely and exclusively silicon technology. Vacuum is superior to any semiconductor in terms of electron transport, in addition to being immune to all radiations. We have combined the best of vacuum and silicon technology to fabricate surround gate nanoscale vacuum transistors on 8 ” wafers with a channel dimension of 50 nm. These vacuum transistors, operating at a drive voltage of only 2 V which is remarkable for vacuum devices, have the potential for THz electronics and several other applications.
Next, phase change random access memory (PCRAM), pushed as Universal Memory, can benefit from one dimensional nanowire form of the phase change materials as the melting point is lowered, allowing a lower thermal budget and drive current. The endurance of these devices is remarkably higher than Flash memory. One dimensional nanowires are also ideal for construction of nanoscale lasers in the communication band.
Our sensor development work has focused on systematic nano-micro-macro integration wherein nanomaterials have been effectively used as sensing medium in an otherwise microscale fabrication. Examples will include a carbon nanotube (CNT) based chemical sensor that has been tested for a variety of gases and vapors including monitoring air quality in the crew cabin in the International Space Station in 2009 and further developed for security applications; networking of these sensors will be discussed in the context of environmental monitoring and security. Nanotechnology related developments in wearable electronics and e-health will also be discussed.
The author thanks all past and present colleagues for their contributions to the application development efforts, especially Jin-Woo Han, Jing Li, Yujiang Lu, Jessica Koehne, and Michael Oye.
Meyya Meyyappan is chief scientist for Exploration Technology at NASA’s Ames Research Center in California’s Silicon Valley. Until June 2006, he served as the director of the Center for Nanotechnology at Ames. He also is a founding member of the Interagency Working Group on Nanotechnology (IWGN) established by the Office of Science and Technology Policy in Washington, D.C. The IWGN is responsible for developing the National Nanotechnology Initiative. He has authored or co-authored more than 320 articles in peer-reviewed journals, given more than 200 seminars at universities, and presented more than 250 Invited/Keynote/Plenary Talks on nanotechnology subjects around the world. His research interests include carbon nanotubes, graphene, and various inorganic nanowires, their growth and characterization, and application development in chemical and biosensors, instrumentation, electronics and optoelectronics. Dr. Meyyappan is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Electrochemical Society (ECS), American Vacuum Society (AVS), Materials Research Society (MRS), Institute of Physics (IOP), American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), American Institute of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), National Academy of Inventors, and the California Council of Science and Technology. He is currently the IEEE Electron Devices Society (EDS) Distinguished Lecturer, and was the Distinguished Lecturer on Nanotechnology for both the IEEE Nanotechnology Council and ASME.For his contributions and leadership in nanotechnology, he has received numerous awards including a Presidential Meritorious Award; NASA’s Outstanding Leadership Medal; Arthur Flemming Award given by the Arthur Flemming Foundation and the George Washington University; IEEE Judith Resnick Award; IEEE-USA Harry Diamond Award; AIChE Nanoscale Science and Engineering Forum Award; Distinguished Engineering Achievement Award by the Engineers’ Council; Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology by the IEEE-NTC; Sir Monty Finniston Award by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (UK); Outstanding Engineering Achievement Merit Award by the Engineers’ Council; IEEE-USA Professional Achievement Award; AVS Nanotechnology Recognition Award. For his sustained contributions to nanotechnology, he was inducted into the Silicon Valley Engineering Council Hall of Fame in 2009. He received an Honorary Doctorate in 2015 from the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa for his scientific contributions.For his educational contributions, he has received Outstanding Recognition Award from the NASA Office of Education; the Engineer of the Year Award (2004) by the San Francisco Section of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA); IEEE-EDS Education Award; IEEE-EAB (Educational Activities Board) Meritorious Achievement Award in Continuing Education.

Prof. Evangelos A. Yfantis

Title of talk: A New Era With New Computer Science Challeges
Since the time of John Von Neumann, following by the entrance in the market place of the first computer, and the establishment of the first academic computer science program, computers captured the imagination and interest of people everywhere. Computer Science jobs have been consistently on the rise and computer applications have been increasing geometrically. We live in magic times where computer science has affected every segment of society, every academic discipline, and the technology at large. The collective brain facilitated by the internet can provide more information than any encyclopedia of the past. The digital communication devices, which includes smart phones, tablets, etc., along with the social media and information available over the internet, marks a new era of information dissemination, that reach further, and have greater implications than ever. But the computer spectrum is very rich and includes automation, and new era of artificial intelligence that facilitates machine learning, machine intelligence and machine vision. More than ever, devices that were electromechanical in the past, now they have some or a great deal of intelligence. The cars of today have over a million lines of code to provide the needed control, safety, and intelligence. Self-driven cars with deep learning algorithms, helicopters, airplanes, that are computer controlled mark a new era in computer science with new challenges. As computer power increases, computationally intensive problems related to genetics can now be solved opening new opportunities and challenges in genetics. Real time vision and intelligence needed for robotics are challenges some of which have already been resolved, some being in the process of being solved, and some being the new challenges. Surgery, and telemedicine are some of the beneficiaries of the software-hardware advancements in robotics. The new digital communications, not only have improved satellite power, but have driven the satellite cost down, have improved communications, and decreased the size of the box, so that small satellites, and cube satellites, have more power, and perform more missions and better than the old large volume satellites, with less energy consumption. Space travel and space prob experiments depend heavily on computer controlled navigation systems, and many challenges are still waiting for solutions. Challenges of course create new opportunities for the current, and the generations to follow in computer science.
Bio: Evangelos Yfantis, is the director of the ICIS lab and a full professor of Computer Science, which is part of the Engineering College at the Unversity of Nevada, Las Vegas. Dr. Yfantis is the author of over 200 reseach papers and technical reports in the areas of Computer Science, Information theory, Internet Intelligence, Signal Processing, Communication, Statistical Pattern Recognition, Probability theory, Statistics, Ocean Engineering, Aerodynamics, Electrical Engineering, Medicine, Visualization, Enviromental Protection, and Chemometrics. He has been a consultant for NASA, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Sandia Laboratories, Lawrence Livermore Laboratories, EG&G, Naval Ocean System Center in Santiego California, Corps of Engineers U.S. Army, Lockheed Engineering and Aerospace, Northrop, NSTeC, U.S. EPA, U.S. Department of Energy, SGI, Exxon Corporation, Shell Oil Company, Bedix Corporation, Nevada Gaming Control Board, and many other companys in the US and Canada. His Education includes: Computer Science, Mathematics, Signal Processing, Statistics, Aeronautics, Ocean Engineering, and Electrical Engineering. He was educated at the Universities of: Athens Greece, Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J. U.S.A., New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, N.J., Fairleigh Dickinson University, Teaneck, N.J., U.S.A., University of Wyoming, Laramie, U.S.A., Columbia University in N.Y., N.Y., U.S.A, the University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., School of Aeronautics in Teteboro N.J., U.S.A. He holds a Pilot’s License, and is a certified Scuba Diver by PADI. Hi current research interests are Computer-Robot Vision, Machine Vision, Machine Intelligence, Statistical Pattern Recognition, and Multimedia Communication.

Dr. Adrian Tang

Title of talk: CMOS Systems-on-Chip for NASA Millimeter-Wave & THz Space Instruments
In this talk we will first introduce the exciting Earth science, planetary science and astrophysics investigations that are performed by JPL and NASA at millimeter-wave and terahertz frequencies, describing several recent results by instruments operating in this wavelength regime. Then we will discuss the important role CMOS system-on-chip (SoC) technology now plays in these instruments for LO generation and signal processing, and the fundamental challenges (noise, extreme temperatures and radiation effects) that CMOS based instruments face in delivering the high level of fidelity required for NASA’s science investigations. The talk will discuss two examples of CMOS SoC based instruments from recent NASA programs including a 600 GHz side-band separated spectrometer being developed for investigations of Europa, Titan, Enceladus, and a 100 GHz in-situ spectrometer system for investigation of volatiles ejected from comet and asteroid surfaces.
Bio: Adrian Tang has over 16 years of CMOS/SiGe IC design experience in both research and commercial wireless environments with projects ranging from commercial Bluetooth and WLAN chipsets to mm-wave and THz chipsets for communication, radar and spectrometer systems. Since joining JPL as a strategic-researcher, Adrian was the first to demonstrate sub-centimeter accurate mm-wave imaging radar in silicon technology with demonstrations at 144 and 155 GHz, the first to demonstrate CMOS spectrometers sensitive enough to detect trace gasses, and the first to demonstrate CMOS radiometers with enough sensitivity to support atmospheric humidity and temperature soundings. At JPL, Adrian currently directs the space-system-on-chip laboratory and is currently leading development of a wide range of CMOS SoC chipsets for planetary, Earth science and Astrophysics space instruments including sub-millimeter-wave fractional carrier generators and spectrometer processors for sub-mm-wave remote sensing instruments, and waveform generation and processing for in-situ and orbital mm-wave radar systems.

Prof. Justin Zhan

Title of talk: A Novel Framework for Bridging Big Data
Data has become the central driving force to new discoveries in science, informed governance, insight into society, and economic growth in the 21st century. Abundant data is a direct result of innovations including the Internet, faster computer processors, cheap storage, the proliferation of sensors, etc, and has the potential to increase business productivity and enable scientific discovery. However, while data is abundant and everywhere, people do not have a fundamental understanding of data. Traditional approaches to decision making under uncertainty are not adequate to deal with massive amounts of data, especially when such data is dynamically changing or becomes available over time. These challenges require novel techniques in data analytics, data-driven optimization, systems modeling and data mining. In this seminar, a number of recent funded data analytics projects will be presented to address various data analytics, mining, modeling and optimization challenges. In particular, the DataBridge, which is a novel data analytics system, will be illustrated.
Bio: Justin Zhan is the Director of ILAB and the Director of Data Science Hub. He is a core faculty member at Department of Computer Science, College of Engineering, University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and a core faculty member of Nevada Institute of Personalized Medicine (NIPM). He has previously been a faculty member at Carnegie Mellon University, National Center for the Protection of Financial Infrastructure in South Dakota State, and North Carolina A&T State University. His research interests include Big Data, Information Assurance, Social Computing, and Health Science. He is a steering chair of ASE/IEEE International Conference on Social Computing (SocialCom), ASE/IEEE International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust (PASSAT), and ASE/IEEE International Conference on BioMedical Computing (BioMedCom). He is currently an editor-in-chief of International Journal of Privacy, Security and Integrity, International Journal of Social Computing and Cyber-Physical Systems, and managing editor of SCIENCE journal and HUMAN Journal. He has served as a conference general chair, a program chair, a publicity chair, a workshop chair, or a program committee member for 160 international conferences and an editor-in-chief, an editor, an associate editor, a guest editor, an editorial advisory board member, or an editorial board member for 30 journals. He has published 180 articles in peer-reviewed journals and conferences and delivered above 30 keynote speeches and invited talks.

Prof. Eric Balster

Title of talk: Persistent Surveillance Processing Utilizing FPGAs
Over the past decade or so, the relatively low cost and high pixel densities of digital imaging technology has created a new type of surveillance capability called Wide Area Persistent Surveillance. In general, Persistent Surveillance Systems have a much larger data processing requirement than more traditional surveillance technology. Furthermore, the additional data processing requirement of Persistent Surveillance Systems comes with no further resource availability such as additional size, weight, or power (SWaP) to handle the increased computational load.
Over roughly the same time period, field-programmable gate array (FPGA) technology has increased clock rates by 40 times, become 300 times more dense and 10 times less expensive. Additionally, FPGAs have added a whole host of new features to allow for high-speed low-power processing solutions to become a reality.
This keynote address will discuss some uses of FPGA technology to enable and enhance the capability of Wide Area Persistent Surveillance Systems.
Eric Balster is the Director of Computer Engineering Graduate Program at the University of Dayton. He completed his Ph.D. from the Ohio State University. His research interests include Signal and image processing and compression, Video processing and compression, Embedded systems and Digital design. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE and has several papers published in reputed journals. Prof. Balster received the Wohlleben-Hochwalt Outstanding Professional Research Award in 2011 and the Sensor’s Directorate Dr. James Tsui Award in 2010.

Dr. Lanier Watkins

Title of talk: An Analysis of the Vulnerability of Hobby and Commercial Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS)
Abstract: Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) are becoming ubiquitous in government and commercial applications. Among these applications are: precision agriculture, infrastructure inspection, mining, disaster response, and film making, just to name a few. By 2020, the UAS market is predicted to grow into a $5.6 billion industry. This puts the top UAS vendors (DJI, Parrot, and 3DR) at the forefront of innovation and product development for this industry; however, since these vendors have not considered the impact of cyber security on their products, this multi-billion dollar industry is at risk. In this presentation, I will: (1) demonstrate that the products of these top vendors are vulnerable to the simplest of cyber-attacks and (2) propose a high-level multi-layer security framework to protect against these basic attacks. Since this security problem (i.e., the UAS Security Problem) is complicated by the need to secure multiple products produced by multiple vendors, I will simplify this task by focusing mostly on the products of Parrot for this talk.
Bio: Lanier Watkins is currently a Senior Professional at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL). Prior to joining APL, he worked for over 10 years in industry. He first worked at the Ford Motor Company and then later at AT&T where he held roles such as systems engineer, network engineer, product development manager, and product manager. Dr. Watkins’ research presently encompasses the areas of critical infrastructure and network security. He holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Georgia State University where he was advised by Raheem Beyah, two M.S. degrees in Computer Science and Physics respectively and a B.S. degree in Physics, all from Clark Atlanta University. He has been on the TPC or an invited speaker in several conferences and serves as a referee for multiple IEEE journals. His areas of research interest include Computer Network Security, Compute Node Security and Vulnerability Monitoring & Analysis.

Dr. Robert Mitchell

Title of talk: Recent Cyber Security Events and Future Research Directions
The trend of increasingly frequent and sophisticated cyber attacks continued in 2016. Last year brought many complex attacks on new targets that belligerents staged from novel platforms using previously unseen tactics. These attacks are a call to the research community for relevant, impactful and transferable research. For this talk, I compare and contrast some of the highest profile, publicly acknowledged, cyber attacks of the past year. I highlight the target of interest, brand of attacker, primary objective, overall impact, key techniques employed and defensive lessons learned for each of these incidents. I trace these cyber attacks of the past year to the research calls for the coming year: the topics with the most urgent need for investigation along with the most effective research techniques. The audience will take away an increased and fact-based awareness of last year’s most influential cyber attacks, and a vision of the emerging cyber security research areas and methods.
Robert Mitchell is currently a member of technical team at Sandia National Laboratories. He received his Ph.D, M.S. and B.S. from Virginia Tech. Robert served as a military officer for six years and has over 10 years of industry experience, having worked previously at Boeing, BAE Systems, Raytheon and Nokia. His research interests include linkography, moving target defense, computer network operations, network security, intrusion detection and cyber physical systems. Robert has published 19 peer reviewed articles.